The Differences and Advantages and Disadvantages of Food Trucks and Food Carts

Owning a restaurant is a common dream for many chefs, but the high costs and high failure rates of brick-and-mortar establishments often discourage them. As a result, more and more aspiring restaurateurs are now turning to the mobile food business. Operating a food business from a vehicle has proven to be a cost-effective and accessible way to become a culinary business owner. The question now becomes: which type of vehicle should you choose to embark on this journey towards financial independence? To assist you in making this decision, we have outlined the distinctions between food trucks and food carts, the two most popular options in the mobile food industry.

food truck

Food Trucks

A food truck, which is a spacious vehicle equipped with a kitchen, is widely recognized as a mobile restaurant. The staff prepares delectable dishes inside the kitchen and serves customers through a convenient side window. This unique type of eatery allows the operators to travel to different locations, captivating passersby with an array of enticing food options.

The majority of the meals offered by food trucks are designed for on-the-go consumption, such as tacos or sandwiches. Customers particularly appreciate the opportunity to savor fresh food in public settings. Furthermore, food trucks are often perceived as being more hygienic compared to other mobile restaurants. Some food trucks even provide dining areas furnished with tables and seats or have a counter connected to the vehicle, allowing customers to enjoy their meals in a comfortable manner.


  • Mobility: One major advantage of food trucks is their ability to effortlessly relocate to various locations. Unlike food stands, there is no need to transport equipment with another vehicle. All you have to do is hop into the driver's seat and head to festivals, parks, or city streets.
  • Ample Space: Food trucks offer enough room to accommodate plenty of equipment, allowing you to offer a wider variety of food items to customers. Additionally, there is space for multiple employees, enabling quicker service.
  • Free Advertising: The exterior of a food truck serves as valuable ad space for promoting your business, capturing the attention of passersby.
  • Easy to Clean: Cleaning a food truck requires less effort compared to a traditional brick-and-mortar restaurant kitchen, as there is less equipment to maintain.
  • Trendy: Food trucks have become the most popular type of mobile dining establishments, catering to the current trend in the culinary industry.


  • Inconvenience: The size of these vehicles can make it challenging to find parking spots and navigate narrow city streets.
  • Mechanical issues: If the vehicle breaks down, it can halt business operations until it is fixed, and obtaining replacement parts can be both difficult and costly.
  • Administrative burdens: Operating these vehicles often necessitates obtaining various permits before conducting business.

food truck

What Is the Cost of Investing in a Food Truck?

Investing in a food truck can range in price from $15,000 to over $250,000. These mobile restaurants have the highest upfront cost compared to other options, but many operators choose to purchase used food trucks to save money. However, it's important to note that used food trucks may require costly repairs.

On the other hand, new food trucks come with a warranty and are more easily customizable to meet your specific needs. However, it's important to consider that customization can also add to the overall cost. Additionally, even if your food truck is brand new, it will still require routine maintenance over time.

It's also important to factor in the cost of kitchen equipment, any necessary upgrades, fuel, and tires when considering the overall investment in a food truck.

Essential Kitchen Equipment for Food Trucks

When it comes to outfitting your food truck with the right equipment, several factors need to be considered, such as the power source, available space, and the type of food you will be serving.

The first decision you need to make is whether to power your equipment with electricity or gas. Electric appliances require a significant amount of power, and you may even need to use multiple generators. Opt for electric appliances if you need to maintain a constant temperature as electricity is ideal for precise temperature control. On the other hand, gas appliances are more cost-effective and offer ample power. However, it is crucial to exercise caution as they can be dangerous if not monitored closely.

Next, accurately measure the interior of your food truck to determine the available space. This will give you an understanding of the size requirements for your appliances when you go shopping.

If you are unsure about the specific appliances needed for your menu, conduct research to determine what is necessary for the type of food you plan to serve. For instance, if you are planning to make tacos, a prep table will be essential for organizing ingredients.

food cart

Food Carts

Food carts, also known as small kitchen carts with wheels, are movable carts that can be pushed by hand or bike. Alternatively, they can be towed by a vehicle. The range of these carts depends on the method of propulsion. Hand or bike-powered carts have a limited radius of operation, while towed carts can travel a much greater distance. These carts are commonly spotted during lunch rushes in parks, busy sidewalks, and public events.

It is important to note that food carts are not fully equipped kitchens. Consequently, they have limitations when it comes to the variety of meals they can serve. Typically, they are able to offer one or two meals and a selection of prepackaged snacks or drinks. The cart's equipment is determined by the type of food being served and usually includes one or two heating elements such as steamers, boilers, deep fryers, and warmers.

food cart


  • Portability: The compact dimensions of food trucks make them ideal for maneuvering through busy streets and crowded areas. Unlike traditional restaurants, they can access places like malls. Moreover, with the appropriate permit, food trucks can relocate effortlessly to different locations.
  • Simplified Management: Operating a food truck only necessitates one person. There's no need to handle the complexities of training employees or managing payroll.
  • Cost-effective: Food trucks offer the most affordable means of entering the mobile restaurant industry.
  • Customer Engagement: Being at eye level with customers enables food truck operators to easily establish connections and provide personalized and friendly service.


  • Physically demanding: Food carts require manual transportation, limiting their range of operation to the distance you can physically carry them. This can be physically exhausting.
  • Restricted menu: With limited space for one or two small appliances, the menu options are limited, hindering your ability to be innovative with food choices. Additionally, the smaller space increases the risk of running out of inventory quickly.
  • Lack of advertising opportunities: Food carts pose challenges for branding, potentially requiring additional signage to gain customer recognition.
  • Negative perception: Due to a prevalent reputation for poor cleanliness, many individuals tend to avoid food carts altogether.

food cart

Investing in a food cart: What's the price range?

The cost of food carts can vary significantly, ranging from $1,000 to $10,000 depending on the cart's type. Basic food carts tend to be more affordable, while larger carts with additional features can be pricier. However, the relatively low cost of food carts allows for a quicker return on investment and a faster opportunity to start earning income compared to other types of restaurant businesses.

Essential Kitchen Equipment for Food Carts

Food carts typically come with built-in equipment designed for specific types of cuisine. For instance, a hot dog cart will include a propane regulator, water system, and flame adjusters. Conversely, a coffee cart may not require these features and can be equipped with a tap system instead. However, if you intend to sell something more distinctive, you may need to consult a vendor specializing in customized food carts. Collaborating with them will help determine the specific equipment your menu necessitates and whether it can be seamlessly integrated into the cart.